Saturday, February 22, 2014

11th. Regiment of foot. The Devonshire

11th. Regiment of foot. The Devonshire,

In the War of Austrian Succession, it took part in the battles of Dettingen, Fontenoy and Rocoux. In the Seven Years War, it fought at the battles of Warburg, Kloster Kampen, Villinghausen and Wilhelmstähl and took part in the inconclusive Iberian Campaign. After the war, it garrisoned the island of Minorca.

The 11th Regiment spent the early years of the French Revolutionary Wars serving as detachments in the Mediterranean with the Royal Navy. It acted as marines in the naval Battle of Cape St. Vincent in 1797 and was part of the force that besieged Malta in 1798 and captured the island in 1800. It also took part in an abortive raid on the port of Ostend in 1798. From 1800 to 1806, it was stationed in the West Indies, returning to Europe to fight in the Peninsula War and earning its nickname, The Bloody Eleventh, at the Battle of Salamanca. A 2nd Battalion was formed in 1809 and took part in the disastrous Walcheren Campaign before being disbanded in 1816.

John Spread Fenton, wearing the uniform of the 11th (the North Devonshire) Regiment of Foot, scarlet coatee with green collar, gold epaulette, white cross-belt, the belt plate bearing number 11, frilled white cravat and black stock

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